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Suspension System in Car – A Beginner’s Guide to an Essential Car Component

By Sujan Industries In Commercial Vehicle

20

Jan
2023

Are you in awe of how well your car handles bumpy roads? Surprised how a huge machine like it can cut corners like a knife through butter? Well, it’s all thanks to your suspension system in car, which provides the agility and travel that allows your car to scale the deepest of trenches, the bumpiest of bumps, and any shocks that comes your way.

But how do these systems work? How do they achieve this effect? Well, that’s what we’re gonna walk you through with this blog, which provides a comprehensive understanding of suspension systems, auxiliary parts like the suspension strut mount, and how they all work together to provide you with a smooth ride. 

Read on. 

Suspension System in Car: What they are and how they work?

A vehicle’s suspension system comprises a protective network of shock-absorbing parts. The components that make up a suspension system include coil springs, tires, shock absorbers, linkages, joints, bushes, bearings, and rods. 

It’s this suspension system in car that keeps your car stable and safe by absorbing the impact from road bumps, ditches, and other things that your vehicle encounters on the street. It sits between the cabin in which you sit and the components that drive the car. 

As the wheels experience impacts and shocks during your drive, the suspension absorbs, dampens, and disperses any jerks. As a result, you don’t feel any of these while driving. And even if you do, it’s usually dramatically less than what you would have experienced had your vehicle been without a suspension system.

However, like every other part, even your suspension undergoes wear and tear by bearing all the shocks and vibrations over its life. This also holds true for your leaf spring hanger, shocks, and struts. You need to replace this between 50000 to 100000 km. 

How does a Suspension System in Car Work?

Basically, a car suspension system works on the principle of force dissipation. In this principle, the suspension essentially converts the incoming force due to bumps or shocks into heat, thereby negating their harmful effects on the vehicle body. 

To achieve the damping effect, the suspension system in car uses various components, including struts, shock absorbers, and springs.

That said, not all suspension systems are built the same. There are many types of suspensions, which are broadly classified into two main types – independent suspension and non-independent suspension. Let’s tackle both turn by turn.

Non-Independent Suspension

In this type of suspension system, the left and right wheels are connected by a rigid axle, meaning a solid metal bar is held in place using shock absorbers or leaf springs. 

You can find this suspension type typically on trucks, heavy vehicles, and some SUVs. Modern cars usually refrain from having this suspension installed due to their unique requirements. 

The two main types of suspension variants under this category are leaf spring and trailing arm suspension. 

In the former, several metal plates are stacked on top of each other, held by rebound clips. Due to their build, they can withstand a lot of weight and are relatively inexpensive to manufacture.

 In trailing arm suspension, control arms are attached to the suspension assembly to help it withstand to-and-fro motion, both in the forward and sideways direction. 

Find the best leaf springs and trailing arm suspension designs at Sujan Industries – an industry leader and one of the best stainless steel casting manufacturers in India.

Independent Suspension

As you may have guessed, this type of suspension system has the right and left wheels moving independently. Even this category has a variety of different suspension systems that feature a diverse arrangement of shock absorbers and springs. 

These include air suspensions, double-wishbone suspension, MacPherson strut, multi-link suspension, and more. These suspension system in car are usually featured by modern, high-power vehicles that need to tackle various terrains. Independent and modular suspensions can answer the call to these requirements with their ergonomic and flexible designs and build.

In Summary

So, here’s a primer on what suspension systems are, their working principle, and the various types available in the market. By reading this blog, you might now appreciate these underrated car components more and their role in providing a fulfilling driving experience.

Discover a world of high-quality suspension systems suitable for any vehicle type with Sujan Industries. Equipped with world-class manufacturing lines and machinery, we provide you with suspension systems that offer an unparalleled riding experience. 

Connect with us right away to know more!

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